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Under the Hood

Like Standard, you can change the settings in the new default H&Js, but you can’t change the names or delete them. (And, of course, you can always duplicate them to create a starting place for a new H&J.)

The most significant additions are Narrow Measure, Very Narrow Measure, and Wide Measure—all intended for justified body copy. I’d personally call these Tight, Tighter, and Loose, respectively.

You can see them in action in Figure 2; note the last few lines of the paragraph in particular.

Figure 2

Figure 2 Watch what happens to the last few lines of the paragraph as we experiment with different default H&Js.

For a quick look at the values coming into play, check out the hyphenation, word spacing, and character spacing specified for each of these H&Js (see Figures 3, 4, 5, and 6).

Figure 4

Figure 4 Standard H&J

Figure 5

Figure 5 Narrow Measure H&J

Figure 6

Figure 6 Very Narrow Measure H&J

While hyphenation specifications vary only slightly, keep an eye on the values in the Justification Method area—and then notice how much the changes have impacted our sample paragraph.

While the new defaults are likely to give you better-looking type by default, don’t forget that you can change the values. Consult an editor on house style in regards to hyphenation settings (in particular, Break Capitalized Words). Experiment with the Justification Method values in relation to the font, size, and column width in use. The new defaults are supposed to make your life easier—but they’re not a one-size-fits-all solution to your typesetting needs.

QuarkXPress 7 includes two other new default H&Js: No Hyphenation and Titles. No Hyphenation is just Standard with Auto Hyphenation unchecked.

Titles, useful for chapter heads, goes a little further, turning off hyphenation and then creating tighter spacing overall (see Figure 7). Again, don’t be afraid to tinker with it—you’re not stuck with Quark’s (or Brad’s) definition of a Titles H&J.

Figure 7

Figure 7 The new Titles H&J turns off hyphenation and compresses word spacing.

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