Publishers of technology books, eBooks, and videos for creative people

Home > Articles > Digital Audio, Video > Final Cut Pro

This chapter is from the book

Specifying Sequence Settings

Final Cut Pro provides a selection of stock sequence setting presets. Using a preset ensures that each new sequence you create will have the same settings. You can also choose to be prompted to specify the preset for each new sequence you create. The Preset Editor window allows you to duplicate and edit existing sequence presets to create new ones. The preset you choose will be applied to all new sequences until you change it. Sequence settings for existing sequences are not affected.

You can open and review or modify an existing sequence's settings in its Sequence Settings window. For more information, see "Changing the Settings of an Existing Sequence" in Chapter 4.

To edit general sequence settings for the current preset

  1. On the Sequence Presets tab of the Audio/Video Settings window, select a preset ( Figure 3.19 ); then click the Edit button.
    03fig19.jpg

    Figure 3.19 Select the preset you want to edit on the Sequence Presets tab of the Audio/Video Settings window; then click the Edit button.

    If the preset is locked, a dialog box appears indicating that a copy will be made for editing; then the Sequence Preset Editor window appears. Sequence settings are available on the Sequence Preset Editor's General tab and Video Processing tab.
  2. Enter a name and description for the preset. If it's based on an existing preset with one or two changes, you might note the base preset plus the changes.
  3. On the General tab, you can modify the default settings for any of the following ( Figure 3.20 ):
    • Frame Size: Specify the frame size for the output of the sequence. Enter a custom frame size in the Width and Height fields, or choose a pre-defined frame size in the Aspect Ratio pop-up menu.
    • Pixel Aspect Ratio: Specify a pixel aspect ratio that is compatible with your source video.
    • Anamorphic 16:9: If your source video is 16:9, checking this box ensures that FCP will interpret and display your source media's pixel aspect ratio properly.
    • Field Dominance: Specify the field to be displayed first on an NTSC monitor. DV defaults to the Lower (Even) setting. If field dominance is set incorrectly, moving areas of the image will have jagged edges.
    • Editing Timebase: This field displays the currently selected editing timebase. The editing timebase should be identical to the frame rate of the source clips in the sequence. All source clips with a frame rate that does not match the editing timebase are converted to the sequence's editing timebase and will require rendering. You can modify an existing sequence's timebase only if there are no clips in it.
    • Timecode Rate: The default setting— Same as Editing Timebase—matches the timecode playback rate to the Editing Timebase setting for this sequence preset. Always use this default setting unless your project requires a different timecode playback rate; for example, if you are editing 24 fps film that's been transferred to 25 fps PAL video.
    03fig20.gif

    Figure 3.20 The General tab of the Sequence Preset Editor.

Specifying QuickTime settings for Sequence presets

The current video compression codec settings for the selected sequence preset are displayed under QuickTime Video Settings. The current audio sample-rate setting for this preset is displayed under QuickTime Audio Settings. Unless you have a specific reason to make a change, stick with the default settings. Selecting the appropriate sequence preset in the main Audio/Video Settings window should load the correct values for all other settings. Refer to Apple's Final Cut Pro 4 User's Manual for details on other QuickTime settings options.

To access the QuickTime video compression settings for the current preset

  1. In the QuickTime Video Settings section of the Sequence Preset Editor window, click the Advanced button ( Figure 3.21 ).
    03fig21.gif

    Figure 3.21 Click the Advanced button in the QuickTime Video Settings section to access QuickTime video compression settings.

    The Compression Settings window appears ( Figure 3.22 ). The compression settings determine the compression codec used to process any material you render in your sequence.
    03fig22.gif

    Figure 3.22 These QuickTime compression settings determine the compression format of any material you render in your sequence.

  2. Select the codec that matches your clip's capture settings. You can modify the default settings for any of the following:
    • Compressor pop-up menu: Choose a compression method (codec) to be applied to your sequence from the first Compressor pop-up menu. A second Compressor pop-up menu may have additional color depth resolutions available depending on the type of codec chosen. Certain codecs display an Option button next to the Cancel button. This button provides access to additional options specific to that codec.
    • Quality: Use this slider to adjust the video image quality. Least quality yields the highest data compression. Best quality yields the lowest data compression.
    • Frames per Second: Enter a value or choose a preset value from the pop-up menu to specify the number of frames sampled per second. Your frame rate should match the editing timebase of your sequence preset.
    • Key Frame Every n Frames: Check this box to manually assign keyframe intervals. Type a numeric value in the field to define the number of frames between keyframes.
    • Limit Data Rate to n KBytes/Second: Check this box to manually limit the data rate while capturing video. Type a numeric value in the field to define the data throughput in kilobytes per second.

To access the QuickTime audio compression settings for the current preset

  1. On the General tab of the Sequence Preset Editor window, click Export Settings. The Sound Settings window appears ( Figure 3.23 ). The compression settings determine the compression format of any audio you render in your sequence.
    03fig23.gif

    Figure 3.23 The QuickTime Sound Settings window.

  2. You can modify the default settings for any of the following:
    • Compressor: Choose None.
    • Rate: Enter a value in this field to specify the output rate for the audio, or choose a predefined value from the pop-up menu to select from a list of standard sample rates.
    • Size: Choose a bit resolution for the audio.
    • Use: Choose Mono or Stereo output for the audio in your sequence.

Specifying video processing settings for a Sequence preset

The settings on the Video Processing tab allow you to specify how FCP will interpret color space when rendering clips used in sequences created with this sequence preset.

Older versions of QuickTime used DV codecs that converted YUV (the color space that DV video uses) to RGB (the color space that computers use) whenever rendering was required. This conversion could generate noticeable color or luminance shifts. Now, because QuickTime has added support for rendering in YUV (also known as YCrCb) color space, you have a choice. If you select a QuickTime codec that supports YUV color space, you'll be able to set additional options on the Video Processing tab.

To edit video processing settings for the current preset

On the Video Processing tab of the Sequence Preset Editor window ( Figure 3.24 ), you can modify the following default settings:

  • Always Render in RGB: Check this box to force codecs that normally process color using the YUV (or YCrCb) color space to render in RGB color space. This may cause slight color shifts in rendered material.
  • Render in 8-bit YUV: Choose 8-bit YUV rendering if you are working with 8-bit source video (DV/DVCAM) or using a capture card that handles 8-bit YUV video.
  • Render 10-bit material in high-precision YUV: Choose this option if you are working with 10-bit source video.
  • Render all YUV material in high-precision YUV: Choose this option to use additional video bit depth to improve the quality of 8-bit video that requires complex render processing. 10-bit render files take longer to compute.
  • Process Maximum White As (note that this pop-up menu appears only if Always Render in RGB is not selected):
    • Super-White: Choose this to match the maximum brightness of imported clips from RGB color space to the super-white levels of clips from DV camcorders.
    • White: Choose this to limit the maximum brightness of imported clips created in RGB color space to 100 IRE.
03fig24.gif

Figure 3.24 The Video Processing tab of the Sequence Preset Editor window.

This setting allows you to match the brightness levels of DV video source clips to integrate better with RGB elements. Many DV camcorders record video with white values that are brighter than 100 IRE (known as super-white). Brightness levels in these DV clips with super-white white values may not match other elements in your sequence—for example, imported graphics files or Adobe After Effects clips created in RGB color space.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

Peachpit Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Peachpit and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Peachpit products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email ask@peachpit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.peachpit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020