Publishers of technology books, eBooks, and videos for creative people

Home > Articles

View from the Bridge

  • Print
  • + Share This

Graphic designers and professionals are visual people. We lay out our pages by selecting tools and dragging objects or moving pixels around the document, and we can immediately see the results of our actions. If we're working with images, we make adjustments to tone or color, or apply a filter, and we get immediate visual feedback about the changes we make.

Adobe Creative Suite 2 introduces an new application — Adobe Bridge — for visually managing the different file types we'll work on within the CS2 applications — InDesign layouts, Illustrator documents, Adobe PDF files, every kind of image file, even dynamic media files like QuickTime movies. Just as the Bridge on the starship Enterprise was the main hub for all the ship's departments, the Adobe Bridge helps you work better with all the CS2 applications.

In this chapter we'll introduce you to Adobe Bridge and cover its major features. (We'll point you to other chapters for some of its more specialized features.) Here are some of the things you can do using the Bridge:

  • Browse: You can browse your files and folders in a variety of different ways: as thumbnails, in a filmstrip format, showing detailed file information, even in a slide show.
  • Manage files and folders: You can manage your files and folders the same way as you do in your operating system — adding, moving, copying, reorganizing, and deleting them — but doing it in a more comfortable visual manner.
  • Drag graphics into other applications: You can even drag graphics directly from Bridge into your InDesign or Illustrator layout to place them or into your GoLive Site window for inclusion in your web projects. This can save you time when working in a graphics-rich project.
  • Search: You can view and search for information about files, called metadata. Some metadata is created automatically by CS2 applications. For example, InDesign CS2 can now save font and swatch information with its files. You can add other metadata so you can use it later in your production process.
  • Compare file versions: If you're using the Version Cue CS2 file-management utility, you can now visually manage your files, including versions and alternate file variations. (We discuss working with Version Cue projects in Chapter 13, "Integrating Version Cue into Your Workflow.")
  • Locate royalty-free images: Within Adobe Bridge, you can search for, download, and try out royalty-free stock photos from the new Adobe Stock Photo service. If you choose to purchase them, you can do so through the Bridge, and then quickly relink your layout to the high-resolution images.
  • Process Camera Raw images: If you're a photographer, Adobe Bridge is your access point to the Camera Raw plug-in for processing Camera Raw images from your digital camera. (To work with the Camera Raw plug-in with images from a digital camera, see the "Camera Raw and CS2" sidebar in Chapter 4, "Pixels and Raster Formats.")
  • Access Help files: If you own the Suite (as opposed to individual CS2 applications), you can use Adobe Bridge to get quick access to application Help files and tips and tricks, and you can run automation scripts. (See "Using Bridge Center as a Portal to your CS2 Workflow" below for more information. For information on workflow automation scripts, see Chapter 15, "Automating Your Work.")
  • Synchronize color settings: Adobe Bridge gives the ability to synchronize color settings across Suite applications. (See Chapter 10, "Color and Color Management.")

A note for those of you who work with images a lot: It is important to realize that Adobe Bridge is not an asset manager or cataloging software. While it can give you access to all of the kinds of files you work with, whether they are on your hard drive, removable media or a network volume, it doesn't catalog information about files that are archived on media like CDs or DVDs that are not currently mounted.

Browsing Through Your CS2 Files

The Adobe Bridge is a chameleon — designed to adapt itself to your style of working and your workflow. Some people want to work mostly with file thumbnails. Others want to focus more on the information associated with a file — data like its creation date, file type, image resolution, and color space. Some may be more process-oriented and want to view the versions and alternate variations of files that were developed in producing a project. Adobe Bridge lets you quickly change these different views of the files, gives you many ways of rearranging the Bridge workspace for your particular needs, and lets you save the customized layouts. In this section, we'll show you how to navigate through your file system with this new, visual tool, and show you a variety of ways of more intuitively managing files and folders in Adobe Bridge.

Previewing Suite Files

Bridge has four standard views to choose from. You can switch between the views by selecting them from the View menu, or clicking the icon at the lower right corner of the Bridge window. You can also display files as a full-screen slide show.

Thumbnails View

In Thumbnails view, Adobe Bridge shows equal-sized thumbnail previews for all the supported file formats. These formats include InDesign, Illustrator, Adobe PDF files, almost all image files, and some others as well, as shown in the following table. Folders, as well as files in unsupported file formats, display the icon used in the operating system.

Adobe Bridge lets you select the thumbnail size of the file preview — varying continuously from tiny to huge (Figure 3-1). You can also press Command/Ctrl-= [equal sign] to incrementally enlarge the thumbnails, and Command/Ctrl-- [hyphen] to reduce them.

03fig01.jpg

Figure 3-1 As you drag the slider at the bottom of the Bridge Preview window, it dynamically adjusts the size of the previews from small (left) to large (right).

In its default thumbnail size, Bridge displays the filename under the thumbnail. In Bridge General Preferences, you can turn on one, two, or three lines of metadata (you choose which items). Figure 3-2 shows one line underneath the images. If space is too tight, the display of metadata is discarded. However, at any time you can pause over a thumbnail to read a tool tip with file information.

03fig02.jpg

Figure 3-2 Metadata for ratings, filename, and modification date are displayed under the file thumbnails. Additional metadata includes dimensions and keywords.

There are many alternative ways of viewing the thumbnails. You can:

  • Toggle on and off View > Thumbnail Only (Command/Ctrl-T) to instantly hide and show file information.
  • Hide folders in the window by deselecting View > Show Folders.
  • Display normally hidden files by choosing View > Show Hidden Files.
  • View only certain kinds of thumbnails — Graphic Files, Vector Files, or Camera Raw Files — or choose All Files from the View menu. (See Table 3-1 to see which file formats are displayed in each view.)
  • Sort the thumbnails by different file attributes (for example, Filename, Document Kind, Date Created, Date Modified, etc.) by choosing Sort from the View menu in either ascending or descending order. You can also manually drag thumbnails to create your own arrangement.

Table 3-1. Adobe Bridge File Format Previewing (not all supported formats listed)

File Formats and Extensions

Previews in Bridge?

Notes about Previews

Viewing Categories

Format Supports Saving Metadata

InDesign document (.indd)

Yes — first page

InDesign CS2: Check Always Save Preview Images With Documents in File Handling preferences and set preview size.

InDesign CS: Check Save Document Preview Image in File Handling preferences.

All

Yes

InDesign template (.indt)

Yes — all pages for IDCS2

In InDesign CS and CS2, save previews as for an .indd file. InDesign CS templates only preview the first page.

All

Yes

InDesign snippet (.inds)

Yes

 

All

No

InDesign Interchange (.inx)

Yes — first page

 

All

Yes

Illustrator document (.ai, .ai4, .ai5, .ai6, .ai7)

Yes

Previews regardless of whether PDF Compatible

All, Vector

Yes

Illustrator EPS (.eps)

Yes

Previews regardless of whether preview saved

All, Graphic, Vector

Yes

Illustrator template (.ait)

Yes

Previews regardless of whether PDF Compatible

All, Vector

Yes

PDF (.pdf)

Yes — all pages

Previews regardless of creating application

All, Vector

Yes

SVG (.svg), SVG Compressed (.svgz)

Yes

 

All, Vector

No

Photoshop EPS and DCS (.eps)

Yes

For DCS files, must save with Gray or Color Composite (which is used for preview)

All, Vector, Graphic

Yes

Photoshop PSD (.psd), Photoshop PDF (.pdf), TIFF (.tif, .tiff), Large Document Format (.psb), JPEG (.jpeg, .jpg), PICT (.pct), BMP (.bmp), Targa (.tga), PNG (.png), GIF (.gif), Portable Bit Map (.pbm), Scitex CT (.sct), PCX (.pcx), Pixar (.pxr), Photoshop Raw (.raw)

Yes

 

All, Graphic

PSD, PDF, JPEG, PSB — Yes; Others — No

Camera Raw and DNG

Yes

See the "Camera Raw and CS2" sidebar in Chapter 4, "Pixels and Raster Formats")

All, Camera Raw, Graphic

Raw files store metadata in sidecar file

QuickTime movie (.mov)

Yes

Shows first frame in thumbnail, previews with QuickTime controls in Preview panel

All

No

Enhanced Metafile (.emf), Windows Metafile (.wmf), SWF (.swf), Autocad (.dwg, .dxf)

No

 

All, Vector

No

HTML

No

 

All

No

QuarkXPress (.qxd), PageMaker documents (.pm7, .p65)

No

 

All

No

FreeHand document (.fh)

No

 

All, Vector

No

Word (.doc), Excel (.xls), PowerPoint (.ppt)

No

 

All

No

Text (.txt), RTF (.rtf)

No

 

All

No

Filmstrip View

The Filmstrip view shows the currently selected thumbnail enlarged, with all thumbnails arranged in a strip (Figure 3-3). This is useful for such tasks as choosing between a number of images.

03fig03.jpg

Figure 3-3 The Bridge Filmstrip view shows an enlarged view of the featured thumbnail with the rest of the items displayed in a row or, alternately, in a column next to the featured item.

To toggle between a horizontal or vertical filmstrip, click the Switch Filmstrip Orientation button at the bottom right of the large thumbnail. To move through the files, click the small left- and right-pointing triangle (or press the Left Arrow or Right Arrow keys). If the large thumbnail displays a PDF file, you can navigate through the pages of that PDF using the arrows.

The alternative ways of viewing a folder described for Thumbnails view (for example, showing thumbnails only) work in Filmstrip view as well. In Filmstrip view, the sizing slider changes the size of the thumbnails on the filmstrip, but has no effect on the large thumbnail.

Details View

This view shows the thumbnails on the left, with important file metadata on the right. The metadata displayed includes Filename, Date Created, Date File Modified, Dimensions (pixel) and Resolution, Author, Keywords, Description, Copyright Notice, Color Mode, Document Kind, Exposure, and Focal Length (Figure 3-4). If there is too much metadata to display in one column to the right of the thumbnail, it will continue in a second column.

03fig04.jpg

Figure 3-4 In the details view (Bridge)Details view you see an enlarged thumbnail (left) and metadata with a thumbnail preview (right).

If you're using a Version Cue workflow, you'll also see Version Cue information displayed, including File Status, Version Number, Version Comments, and Alternates.

Versions and Alternates View

If you're working in Version Cue, you can track the versions of your assets, and you can create alternative graphics that can be easily swapped. This view makes those attributes visible. (For more information, see Chapter 13, "Integrating Version Cue into Your Workflow.")

Slideshow

A fifth view displays the files in the currently selected folder as a slideshow that is shown full screen (choose View > Slide Show or Command/Ctrl-L). This is a quick and easy way to view files in a large format.

The first time you run a slide show, the Adobe Bridge Slideshow Commands screen appears, giving you some keystroke commands for controlling display (Figure 3-5). You can bring this up at any time while in a slide show by pressing H. To navigate, use the Command/Ctrl and the Left and Right Arrow keys, and you can pause or resume the cycle with the spacebar. Press the Esc key to exit the slideshow.

03fig05.jpg

Figure 3-5 The Bridge Slideshow Commands are displayed over the image in the slideshow.

Table 3-2 summarizes the different viewing options available in Adobe Bridge, as well as the default workspaces (see "Saving and Deleting Bridge Workspaces" later in this chapter).

Table 3-2. Adobe Bridge Viewing Options

Previewing Feature

To Select Feature...

Description and Uses for Feature

Thumbnails view

Click Thumbnails View button or choose View > As Thumbnails

All supported file formats show equal-sized thumbnail previews; unsupported formats show their OS file icon. Use when you want to browse your files visually, but still have access to file navigation and minimal file information.

Filmstrip view

Click Filmstrip View button or choose View > As Filmstrip

Shows the currently selected thumbnail large, with all thumbnails arranged in a strip. Use when you want to focus on large thumbnails but have access to navigation and other file information.

Details view

Click Details View button or choose View > As Details

Shows thumbnails with important file metadata: creation date, modification date, file size, file type, image dimensions, image resolution, color space, copyright information, description, and keywords. Additional information is listed for Version Cue project files. Use when you want to work with thumbnails and file metadata.

Versions and Alternates view

Click Versions And Alternates view button or choose View > As Versions And Alternates

Shows versions and alternates in a Version Cue project. Use in a Version Cue workflow.

Default Workspace

Window > Workspace > Reset To Default Workspace or Command/Ctrl-F1

Shows medium-small thumbnails, Favorites panel, Preview panel, and Metadata panel. Use for multipurpose browsing.

Lightbox Workspace

Window > Workspace > Lightbox or Command/Ctrl-F2

Shows only thumbnails, closing other panels. Use for viewing images like on a traditional lightbox.

File Navigator Workspace

Window > Workspace > File Navigator or Command/Ctrl-F3

Shows medium-large thumbnails, Favorites panel and Folder panel. Use to navigate through file hierarchy and preview thumbnails at the same time.

Metadata Focus Workspace

Window > Workspace > Metadata Focus or Command/Ctrl-F4

Shows medium-small thumbnails, Favorites panel, Metadata panel and Keywords panel. Use to view or enter metadata about selected thumbnails.

Filmstrip Focus Workspace

Window > Workspace > Filmstrip Focus or Command/Ctrl-F5

Shows only Filmstrip view in content panel, hiding other panels. Use to focus on viewing only images.

Compact mode

Click Compact mode button, or choose View > Compact Mode (Command/Ctrl-Return/Enter)

Reduces Bridge window to a small thumbnails-only window that, by default, is in front of other applications. Use to drag-copy files into InDesign, Illustrator, and other applications.

Ultra-compact mode

When in Compact mode, click the Ultra-compact mode button.

Reduces Bridge window to smallest possible size to get it out of the way when in another application.

Full mode

When in Compact or Ultra-compact mode, click the Switch To Full Mode button, or press Command/Ctrl-Return/Enter.

Returns Bridge window to full size in whatever was the last view selected.

Slide Show

View > Slide Show or press Command/Ctrl-L.

Shows current thumbnail full-screen Use to show off images or PDF pages.

Setting up the Adobe Bridge Work Area

You can set up your Bridge work area to match your style and workflow. By default, a single window appears when you open Bridge. You can open new windows at any time by choosing File > New Window (Command/Ctrl-N). Each window can have its own layout (Figure 3-6). You can select a pre-made layout, or you can customize your own.

03fig06.jpg

Figure 3-6 The components of a Bridge window.

The Bridge Window

Here are the main components of a Bridge window (some may be hidden in a some layouts):

  • The Folders panel shows the hierarchy of folders on your computer. You use it to navigate through your file hierarchy. There are two items at the top level: Computer (Mac) or My Computer (Win) and Version Cue. Within Computer/My Computer are shown all your mounted volumes — hard drives, removable media, and mounted network volumes. When you insert a CD or DVD, it appears here. Use the File > Eject command to eject the media. You can't use Adobe Bridge to mount network volumes or dismount them. Selecting Version Cue makes available Version Cue Workspaces.
  • The Favorites panel shows a selection of popular starting points and folder locations. Most are the same on both Mac and Windows; these include Bridge Center, Adobe Stock Photos, Collections, Desktop, Version Cue, and Adobe Photoshop CS2 (to switch to Photoshop). A few are slightly different on each platform. On the Mac, you have Computer (which behaves the same as choosing Computer in the Folders panel), Documents, Pictures, and Home. In Windows, you have My Computer (same as on the Folders panel), My Documents, and My Pictures. We'll discuss most of these items below. You can turn off the ones you don't want in Bridge General Preferences.
  • The Preview panel shows a large preview of the selected file. It's separate from, and usually larger than, the thumbnail in the Content panel.
  • The Metadata panel shows metadata for the selected file. If more than one file is selected, the display shows shared data. (For more information, see "Mastering Metadata" in this chapter.)
  • The Keywords panel lets you add keywords to create consistent metadata.
  • The Content panel is the larger panel on the right that contains thumbnails and file information, using the selected view.
  • The menu bar appears at the top of the screen (Mac) or at the top of the Bridge window (Windows).
  • The Shortcut buttons are found in a row at the top of the window. From left to right, they include Go Back and Go Forward (which act as they do in a web browser), Go Up, New Folder, Rotate 90° Counterclockwise, Rotate 90° Clockwise, Delete Item, and Switch Mode buttons (which change depending on your current mode).
  • The Look In menu lists the folder hierarchy, favorites, and recent folders.
  • Tool tips appear when you pause over a thumbnail, unless you've turned that option off in Bridge General Preferences.
03fig07.jpg

Figure 3-7 You can customize your Favorites panel by dragging a folder from the second Bridge window (right) to the Favorites panel in the fi rst window (left). When you're between favorite items, you'll see an insertion point.

Rearranging Your Work Area

Each window contains one or more panels. You can customize the layout of a Bridge window in a number of ways. You can open, close, and resize panels, but you can't drag them outside the window. (They don't act like palettes do in other CS2 applications.)

Here are a few ways you can rearrange the panels:

  • Drag a panel by its tab into another panel.
  • Drag the horizontal divider bar between panels to resize them.
  • Drag the vertical divider between the panels and the Content panel to resize them.
  • Click the Show/Hide Panels button to toggle on and off the display of the panels to the left of the Content area (or press Option/Alt-Command/Ctrl-T).
03fig08.jpg

Figure 3-8 The Favorites and Folders panels by default share the same window pane. Drag the tab of one panel over the horizontal divider bar until the separator changes color, then drop the panel. The result is two separated panels.

Saving and Deleting Bridge Workspaces

Workspaces are controls that make it easy to change the arrangement of the Bridge windows and panes. Adobe Bridge comes with five default workspaces that you can select by choosing Window > Workspace and then selecting a command (Figure 3-9). Each of these default workspaces are created for specific workflows.

03fig09.jpg

Figure 3-9 Use the Workspace submenu to select one of the default workspaces or to save or delete a custom workspace.

Like other applications of Adobe Creative Suite 2, Adobe Bridge lets you save custom workspaces that reflect your own work habits. (See Chapter 7, "Managing and Customizing the Interface," for more information on working with workspaces.)

We describe the default workspaces and what they are optimized for in Table 3-2, "Adobe Bridge Viewing Options."

To reuse your customized workspace, save the current arrangement of the panels in a Bridge window by choosing Save Workspace. In the Save Workspace dialog box, give the workspace a name and a keyboard shortcut. Optionally, you can also save the window location. Choose Delete Workspace to remove a custom workspace (you can't remove the default workspaces).

Navigating, Selecting, and Opening Files

You can navigate to the files on your computer, on removable media, or on mounted network volumes in several ways:

  • Use the Folder panel to move up and down through your file hierarchy. Click the triangle (Mac) or the plus sign (Windows) next to a folder, or double-click a folder to open it.
  • Use the Go Up shortcut button or press Command/Ctrl-Up Arrow to go up a level in the file hierarchy.
  • Select a folder in the Favorites panel to open it quickly.

You select files as you would in your operating system. Clicking on a thumbnail selects it. To select more than one file, hold down the Shift key to select contiguous files, or hold down the Command/Ctrl key to select noncontiguous files. You can also choose Edit > Select All (Command/Ctrl-A), Edit > Deselect All (Shift-Command/Ctrl-A), or to Edit > Invert Selection (Shift-Command/Ctrl-I).

If you like to use the keyboard, you can also move the focus of your selection with the arrow keys, left or right, or up or down.

The easiest way to open any file in Adobe Bridge is simply to double-click its preview either in the Content panel or the Preview panel. You can also choose File > Open (Command/Ctrl-O), or press Return/Enter). Sometimes, a file may not open in the application you are expecting (see "Using Bridge with Other CS2 Applications").

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

Peachpit Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Peachpit and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Peachpit products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email ask@peachpit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.peachpit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020