Floorstanding speakers, often called tower speakers, have been an audiophile mainstay for decades. A floorstanding speaker is so named because it's tall enough to sit on the floor. A floorstanding speaker cabinet is taller than it is wide (or deep), typically standing two feet or more in height.
Because of their large cabinets, floorstanding speakers can hold more and larger speaker drivers. Really big floorstanding systems might have 12-inch or 15-inch diameter woofers. Some floorstanding systems contain a half-dozen or more separate speakers.
You can find floorstanding speakers in two-way, three-way, and four-way configurations. It used to be that three-way systems (such as the Cerwin Vega E-715) were prevalent, but two-way systems (such as the Infinity Primus 250) have gained popularity latelyeven though many of these two-way systems have multiple drivers of the same size and type. (That is, a two-way system can have more than two drivers.)
The chief benefit of a floorstanding speaker is the enhanced bass response. Because you can fit a big woofer in that big cabinet, most floorstanding speakers don't need a separate subwoofer to reproduce low bass frequencies. But just because you don't need a subwoofer doesn't mean you won't want oneand you still need a separate subwoofer for Dolby Digital's ".1" low-frequency effects (LFE) channel. Generally speaking, the bigger the speaker system, the more bass you'll hear. And more bass means better reproduction for rock music and large-scale classical music. If you're a music lover, you can't beat the sound you get from a good pair of floorstanding speakers.
Floorstanding speakers are also more efficient than smaller systems. You get louder sound for the same amount of power because those bigger speakers move more air into the room. For example, you may be able to achieve the same sound level out of large floorstanding speakers run at 75 watts/channel than you would from smaller bookshelf speakers run at 100 watts/channel. (Or, run at the same power level, a good set of floorstanding speaker will simply sound louder than a set of bookshelf speakers.) This isn't always true, however, as speaker efficiency differs significantly from model to model based on speaker construction and design.
Big floorstanding speakers also tend to be more expensive than bookshelf speakers, and they take up more floor space. That room-filling sound comes at a pricein terms of both money and square inches! But some of that purchase price goes toward the fancy wood cabinet. The best floorstanding speakers are high-quality furniture, and make a design statement in any room.