Publishers of technology books, eBooks, and videos for creative people

Home > Articles > Web Design & Development > Adobe Dreamweaver

This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

Getting to the Bottom of It—Styling the Footer

We're very close to being done. But we need to get rid of the gray background in the footer so that the footer will use the background color from the page's body element.

We also still have the issue of the two 10px stripes of color between the main area and the footer to contend with. But that's fairly easy—and image-free! Just as in the header, all we need is a couple of borders.

  1. Click into the footer on the page. Delete the gray background from the #footer selector using your method of choice.
  2. Place a #2d2d70 10px solid border on the top of the footer.
  3. Set the left padding to 40px (like the left column) and the right padding to 30px (like the right column). Remove the top and bottom padding.

    This will ensure that our alignment matches the upper areas. Since the padding of the #footer p element already has a 10px top and bottom margin, we'll leave the top and bottom padding zeroed here.

    Using shorthand, the code looks like this:

    #footer {
     padding: 0 30px 0 40px;
     border-top: 10px solid #2d2d70;

    Now, remember our three columns are placed in a single div called outer_wrap. We'll use that div to place what appears to be the topmost border of the footer. However, it will actually be the bottom border of the outer_wrap div.

  4. In the outer_wrap div, place a #36357d 10px solid bottom border on the bottom of the div.

    This gives us the following code:

    #outer_wrap {
     background: #403e8a url(images/main_back.jpg) repeat-x;
     border-bottom: 10px solid #36357d;

    We're really making progress—and with no images! We need to create a little bit of breathing room at the bottom of the main content area. If we place the bottom padding on our outer_wrap, it would push the inner_wrap up, and the faux column it contains won't appear to go all the way to the bottom any more (the background color of the outer_wrap would show in the space). Instead, we'll place it on the inner_wrap itself.

  5. Select #inner_wrap on the tag selector. Place 20px of padding at the bottom.

    #inner_wrap {
     background: url(images/liquid_left.gif) repeat-y 20% 0px;
     padding-bottom: 20px;

Floating Left and Right

With the stripes created, let's turn our attention to the content within the footer itself. We have a copyright and an unordered list of links. One is on the right side and the other is on the left. It's not uncommon to want to align elements both left and right. There are several ways to accomplish this—from absolute positioning to floating one or more elements.

For our footer, it seems simplest to float the unordered list and leave the p element on the left. Let's put the XHTML code into our page first. Because a floated element must precede the element you want it to sit next to, place the ul before the p element in the source order.

  1. Add the following code to the footer (removing the holder p element there now):

     <li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
     <li><a href="#">Site Map</a></li>
     <li><a href="#">Contact Us</a></li>
    <p>Copyright 2005-2009 Pleasantville Regional Chamber.
    All rights reserved</p>

Let's quickly look at the CSS code beginning with the footer's p element. We previously created a global element selector for the p element. It is controlling the color and font-family for all p elements on the page. The footer is the only area where the p elements differ. They're not white, nor are they Arial, so we must override those properties with this more specific selector—#footer p.

  1. Select the #footer p rule and give it the color value of #5C5A99. Select the Font-family that begins with Georgia, just like our headings. We'll also give this p element a width of 59% so that it only covers a little more than half the page—even if the text size on the page is a good deal larger than we designed for.

    #footer p {
     margin: 0;
     padding: 10px 0;
     width: 59%;
     color: #5c5a99;
     font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif;

We'll turn our attention now to the unordered list. Since we've built two menus already, it should be pretty simple for you to create this one. We'll structure it like the top horizontal navigation, but style the links as in the vertical menu.

  1. Since we globally zeroed the list defaults, we'll start by creating a descendant selector (#footer ul) and floating the list right.
  2. In the Properties pane of the CSS Styles panel, give the new rule a max-width of 39%.

    Notice that the 59% width added with the 39% max-width gives us 98%. Staying below a full 100% width assures us that our p and ul elements will stay on the same line if the page is viewed with a larger text size.

    #footer ul {
     float: right;
     max-width: 39%;
  3. Float the list items themselves to the left by creating a #footer li selector.

    #footer li {
     float: left;

    Since we didn't give our ul a width, and it is floated, it has "shrink wrapped" its content and thus we can float our li to the left, keeping the links in the order we desire.

  4. Create a selector for the links - #footer li a. Set them to display: block (to keep them clickable for the full width), and style them with the light blue color (#5c5a99) and 10px padding all the way around. Remove the underlines.
  5. Finally, create a grouped selector to set the hover/active/focus color to #FF9F00.

    #footer li a {
     display: block;
     padding: 10px;
     color: #5c5a99;
     text-decoration: none;
    #footer li a:hover, #footer li a:active, #footer li
    a:focus {
     color: #FF9F00;
Figure 4.42

Figure 4.42 With the footer complete, we're down to some simple styling.

Peachpit Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Peachpit and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Peachpit products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive:

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020