Professional Portrait Retouching Techniques for Photographers Using Photoshop: Retouching Hair
I know, at first glance, it looks like I just took the most obvious name possible for a chapter on retouching hair, but I’m actually naming this chapter after the 1968 Broadway musical, Hair, which is, coincidentally, enjoying a revival on Broadway right now, and playing to packed houses for the same reason it did back in ’68—the actors are naked. That’s right, nudie nakedness, which is exactly what you’re going to see a lot of in this chapter. Okay, not really, but you were getting psyched there for a moment, weren’t you? Come on, admit it, you were like, “Cool!” for just a second there, and then I pulled the rug out from under you, just like they pull their clothes off in this chapter (see, I got ya again, didn’t I? Man, you are incredibly naughty for a photographer/retoucher). Anyway, this chapter is about how to make people’s hair look lustrous, which is a word you don’t get to use every day (well, it’s not a word you want to use on the playground if you hope to walk away without a few broken bones), but the word “lustrous” is actually derived from the Latin phrase lustyamadeus, which loosely translates to “naked conductor,” which is exactly what you’ll find on page 72. (Man, you are so gullible. So now you’re actually naughty and gullible. You’re naughtible.) Now, if I really wanted to make sure you read this chapter, I wouldn’t have named it “Hair,” I would have named it “Bare.” Better yet, “Bare Naked” or perhaps “Bear Naked” or “Br’er Rabbit” (man, did that just take an unexpected turn). Anyway, there’s nothing in this chapter that I would be embarrassed to show to my brother-in-law, who manages a casino/truck stop just outside Vegas, and I think that alone speaks volumes.
Adding Highlights to Hair
I use this retouch on nearly every portrait I shoot, because not only does it add more depth and dimension to the look of the hair, it actually enhances the lighting you used to make the shot.
- Step One: Here’s the image we’re going to work on (don’t forget to download it from the website mentioned in the book’s intro up front). Because of the light from the window, she already has some good highlights on the left side, and there are also some on the right, but we’re going to enhance both to make her hair really have shine (and to make the lighting look even better, which isn’t a bad thing).
- Step Two: Start by duplicating the Background layer by pressing Command-J (PC: Ctrl-J), then change the blend mode of this layer from Normal to Screen (as shown here). This makes the entire image much brighter (as you can see here).
- Step Three: As you saw in Step Two, the entire photo is brighter, but of course, we only want the hair brighter, and then just the highlight areas. So, press-and-hold the Option (PC: Alt) key, and click on the Add Layer Mask icon at the bottom of the Layers panel (it’s shown circled here in red). This hides this brighter layer behind a black mask. Now, get the Brush tool (B), choose a small, soft-edged brush set at 100% Opacity up in the Options Bar, make sure your Foreground color is set to white, and start to paint over the brightest areas of her hair (the highlight areas). As you do, it reveals a brighter version of her hair. So, basically, if you see a bright area of her hair, paint over it to make it brighter (as you see here, where I’m painting over the hair on the left side of the photo near her shoulder).
- Step Four: Continue painting the highlights up at the top of her head, as well. These aren’t nearly as bright, but that’s all the better—you’re making the subtle highlights up there less subtle.
- Step Five: Here, I’m painting over highlights on the right side. Continue all the way around, until all the highlight areas are painted over, so they reveal the lighter layer in just those spots.
- Step Six: Now it’s time to tweak the brightness amount, so it looks natural, by lowering the Opacity of this brighter layer. In this example, I had to lower it to 60% to give us the final image you see here, which looks pretty natural, but depending on the image, you might have to go lower, or even leave it at 100%—that’s a call you’ll have to make as the photographer/retoucher.