Publishers of technology books, eBooks, and videos for creative people

Home > Articles > Digital Audio, Video > Final Cut Pro

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

Reference 4.5 Editing Above the Primary Storyline

The primary storyline has established the content foundation, timing, and pacing for the project. It's time to see what those sound bites are discussing. At this stage, you'll edit B-roll clips into the project by placing them above the primary storyline, and connected to it.

04_05_00_001.jpg

With these B-roll edits, your editing approach changes to a "lane" above the primary storyline. Clips in a lane outside the primary storyline are vertically connected back to the primary storyline, thereby establishing a synchronized relationship in this project between the sound bite and the B-roll. When Mitch says "helicopter," your audience sees a helicopter.

These connections keep clips synchronized even when a ripple edit occurs in the primary storyline. An upstream ripple that shifts a sound bite's timing in the project will also shift the B-roll clips connected to that sound bite. The connection ensures that the sync is maintained by shifting the connected clips the same amount. You first establish the connection and then Final Cut Pro maintains it so your focus may be on the rest of the story edit.

04_05_00_002.jpg

In the following exercises, you will connect B-roll clips to the sound bite—driven primary storyline you've already edited. Then, you will trim these connected clips and observe their unique trimming behaviors.

Exercise 4.5.1 Adding and Trimming Connected B-roll

B-roll is the editor's friend. Sometimes referred to as cutaways, B-roll clips allow you to smooth discontinuity in your primary storyline, and in this project they will help you hide the jump cuts and soften the audio edits made to the sound bites. Furthermore, good B-roll content may also include great natural sound audio, or nats. An editor can use the nats to cover a tight audio edit, such as the one you now have with the word "filming."

Let's start by reseting the interface and searching those keywords you applied earlier to quickly locate B-roll of a hangar door opening.

  1. In the Browser, click the Show Libraries button.

    04_05_01_001.jpg
  2. In the Lifted library, select the Hangar Keyword Collection.

    To ensure that you are seeing all the available clips, double-check the Browser's sorting and filtering options.

  3. In the Browser, from the pop-up menu, choose Hide Rejected; and then ensure that the search field is clear of any criteria.

    04_05_01_001b.jpg
  4. From the Action pop-up menu in the Browser, set Group Clips By to None and Sort By to Name.

    04_05_01_002.jpg
  5. If necessary, drag the toolbar up to open more vertical room in the Timeline.
  6. In the Browser, adjust the Zoom control to All.

    04_05_01_003.jpg

    With the environment properly set up, you will search for the first clip of the hangar door opening.

  7. In the Lifted library, verify the Hangar Keyword Collection is selected.

    The Browser updates to display the clips you previously tagged with the Hangar keyword. The first clip you want is DN_9390.

  8. Skim the clip to refamiliarize yourself with its contents.

    04_05_01_005.jpg

    This clip starts in the dark before the hangar door opens. Mitch walks in from the left, crossing to center to preflight the helicopter. The clip is currently 13 seconds long. Let's trim the clip down before connecting it to the primary storyline.

  9. In DN_9390, mark a start point when you first hear the hangar door motor.

    04_05_01_006.jpg
  10. Mark an end point when Mitch drops down to inspect the camera.

    04_05_01_007.jpg

    The clip is ready to edit into the project.

  11. In the Lifted Vignette project, cue the playhead to the beginning of the Timeline.

    04_05_01_008.jpg

    Cueing the playhead tells Final Cut Pro where the hangar clip belongs time-wise in the Timeline. In this case, locating that point is easy because it will be the first shot in the project.

    You will edit this clip into the project so that we hear Mitch speaking while watching the hangar clip. You can do this by connecting the video clip in a higher lane.

  12. In the toolbar, click the Connect button, or press Q.

    04_05_01_009.jpg

    The hangar clip is stacked into a lane above the first sound bite. Let's review the edit to see the results.

    04_05_01_010.jpg
  13. Cue the playhead to the beginning of the project, and play the Timeline.

    You see the hangar and hear the hangar motor while also hearing Mitch's sound bite. The video hierarchy rule makes the video in a higher lane visible, while mixing and playing all the audio content in the clips.

Connecting the Second B-roll Clip

As you can see, the DN_9390 clip extends over the second sound bite. That's OK for now, so let's look at the next B-roll clip to add to the project.

  1. In the Browser, skim DN_9465.

    04_05_01_011.jpg

    In this clip, Mitch enters the hangar from the right side, approaches the helicopter, and then kneels to inspect the camera. Although Mitch enters from the opposite side of the hangar, you can set a start point as he's kneeling to inspect the camera. With a little finessing, this clip can be made to match the previous shot of Mitch approaching the helicopter.

  2. In the Browser, mark a start point when Mitch has already started to kneel to inspect the camera.

    04_05_01_012.jpg

    Now you need to locate the Timeline point at which this clip can be matched to the previous edit.

  3. Cue the project playhead over DN_9390 where Mitch has started to kneel at the helicopter's camera.

    04_05_01_013.jpg
  4. Click the Connect button, or press Q, to make a connect edit.

    04_05_01_014.jpg

    The second B-roll clip stacks into a higher lane above the previous edit. When two connected clips will impact one another, Final Cut Pro automatically avoids a "clip collision" by moving one of the clips to a different lane. The edit still cuts to the second B-roll clip at the connection point.

  5. Review the edit to see the results.

    Does the action of Mitch kneeling flow from one clip to the other? If not, this situation is easily corrected.

  6. Place the mouse pointer over the center of the DN_9465 clip and drag it to the left or right until the action of Mitch kneeling appears to be one smooth movement.

    04_05_01_015.jpg

    Once DN_9465 is in place, you can ripple trim the end of DN_9390 to lower DN_9465 into the same lane.

  7. Ensure that snapping is turned on (the Snapping button in the Timeline is blue).

    04_05_01_016.jpg
  8. Drag the end point of DN_9390 to the left until DN_9465 drops into the same lane.

    04_05_01_017.jpg

    With snapping turned on, the end point of DN_9390 will snap to the start point of DN_9465.

    Notice that DN_9465 extends down the Timeline. We'll trim that clip after connecting a third B-roll clip.

Connecting the Third B-roll Clip

Let's connect one more B-roll clip before analyzing what you've created.

  1. In the project, cue the playhead over clip MVI_1055 when Mitch says "nobody."

    04_05_01_018.jpg

    You're telling Final Cut Pro to make a precise start edit based upon the contents of the primary storyline. Now let's find a clip for that edit.

  2. In the Browser, locate clip DN_9470, a close-up of Mitch inspecting the camera.
  3. Mark a start point about halfway through the clip as Mitch turns the camera counterclockwise.

    04_05_01_019.jpg
  4. Set an end point as Mitch's face moves halfway behind the camera.

    04_05_01_020.jpg
  5. Press Q to connect this clip to the primary storyline at the playhead.

    04_05_01_021.jpg

    Although the edit cuts nicely to the close-up, in your Timeline, DN_9465 resumes playing after the close-up ends.

  6. Trim the end point of DN_9465 to the start of DN_9470 so that the two B-roll clips are sequential.

    04_05_01_023.jpg

    Now DN_9465 doesn't give an encore performance.

Exercise 4.5.2 Understanding Connected Clip Sync and Trimming Behaviors

Each of the three B-roll clips has a vertical connection point that synchronizes it to the primary storyline. These vertical relationships remain intact even when you alter the primary storyline. Let's see how this works.

In the project, notice the vertical spikes that extend from the B-roll clips to the sound bites in the primary storyline. Those are the connections you established by making a connect edit.

04_05_02_001.jpg

If a sound bite moves within the Timeline, that movement will also be applied to any connected clips.

04_05_02_002.jpg
  1. Drag the middle of MVI_1042 to the right until the clip is located after MVI_1055.

    04_05_02_003.jpg

    Notice that DN_9390 was relocated with the sound bite, and the other two B-roll clips also slid to the left to remain synchronized with their connected sound bite.

  2. Press Command-Z to undo the previous edit.

    Connected clips are still independent clips that can be moved away from their synchronized, primary storyline clip.

  3. Drag the middle of DN_9465 to the right until it connects after DN_9470.

    04_05_02_004.jpg

    DN_9465 establishes a new connection with the primary storyline.

  4. Press Command-Z to undo the edit.

    Final Cut Pro will maintain the synchronization of connected clips until you change the connection point or tell Final Cut Pro to ignore the connection.

Overriding the Connection

After connecting your B-roll clips, you may realize that you need to move a sound bite elsewhere in the primary storyline, but also need to leave the connected B-roll clips in place. The B-roll story you've created works great, but you've discovered your project is running too long. Or, you may want to experiment with a different arrangement of the sound bites without disturbing the B-roll order. You can temporarily suspend a connected clip's sync point while adjusting the primary storyline clip.

  1. In the project, position the mouse pointer over MVI_1042.

    04_05_02_005.jpg
  2. Hold down the ` (grave accent) key, and drag MVI_1042 after MVI_1055.

    04_05_02_006.jpg

    When you press the grave key, the pointer becomes a crossed-out connection symbol. Dragging a clip while holding down the grave key tells Final Cut Pro to ignore any connected clips during that edit.

    The DN_9390 B-roll clip remains in place while the sound bite is moved later in the primary storyline. When the move is completed, the MVI_1055 sound bite slides to the left along with its two connected B-roll clips. Final Cut Pro automatically bumps DN_9390 to a higher lane to avoid a collision with the two oncoming B-roll clips. Rather than canceling the edit due to a potential clip collision, Final Cut Pro maintains sync and shifts the clips vertically out of the way of one another.

  3. Press Command-Z to undo the edit.

    Connected clips help your editing by maintaining the sync between clips you established when initially making the edit. Final Cut Pro lets you change your mind while maintaining that sync, or will sync to a different clip if you desire.

Trimming Connected Clips

Unlike the sound bites in the primary storyline, connected clips are independent of other connected clips and do not have a horizontal relationship with them. As a result, performing a trim edit on a connected clip produces results different from applying a trim edit to a clip in the primary storyline.

  1. Place the Select tool over the end point of DN_9390.

    Notice that a filmstrip does not appear on the trim icon as it would when trimming a clip in the primary storyline. You cannot ripple trim connected clips because no horizontal relationship exists between them.

  2. Drag the end point to the left to trim the clip.

    Only DN_9390 was affected by this trim edit.

  3. Press Command-Z to undo the edit.

    This default behavior of Final Cut Pro is not necessarily a bad thing because you may want connected clips to remain independent of other connected clips. However, when it is desirable, you can establish a horizontal relationship between connected clips.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

Peachpit Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Peachpit and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Peachpit products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email ask@peachpit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.peachpit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020