Publishers of technology books, eBooks, and videos for creative people

Home > Articles > Digital Photography

This chapter is from the book

interview Jan Oswald

How long have you been a professional photographer?

Since I graduated from school in 1973, it’s the only profession I’ve had.

How did you get started, and why photography?

My uncle took family photos, and as a child I loved watching him take the portraits and then develop them in his darkroom at my grandmother’s house.

I got my first camera at age ten. I loved being able to stand back and observe and then record my observations on film.

Do you have formal training or education?

Brooks Institute, where I had an exceptional teacher and mentor, Phil Cohen.

Your images seem to bridge a gap between fine art and commercial advertising. Many photographers talk about doing that; however, most are unable to do so. How were you able to achieve this?

I had a very strong background in art history—my mother took us to museums from a young age. And I wanted to be an artist and even had a museum show while still in school. So it has always been fine art that inspired me. I do a lot of experimental work when not doing commercial work, and that has always guided my approach to commercial jobs.

How would you describe your lighting style?

Based on an understanding of natural light as point (the sun) and broad (the shade) sourced. It has to be natural to gain the viewers’ acceptance so they accept the image as a real possibility. Then I like to add luminous aspects for interest.

At what stage of your creative process do you consider lighting?

From the initial stage. I previsualize my final image and work backward to achieve the desired lighting effect I’ve conceived.

Let’s look at your image titled Melon on Blue Plate—describe how your lighting acts as part of the image composition.

Highlight and shadow are always part of any composition in photography, as they become part of the abstract tonal range of the image as much as any other element or object in the design. In this image I had become interested in very low early-morning light situations where the sun streaks across objects and creates a lot of contrast. And in this case it holds the image elements together.

What is the first element you wish the viewer to see?

The highlight on the melon slice.

Zen Tulips and Melon on Blue Plate use two very different lighting styles. How did you determine the best style for each image?

When I did Zen Tulips, I was inspired by flowers in a vase on my dining room table. They had bent and turned in an evocative manner toward the large glass expanse in the back of my house. I gathered them up and took them to the studio, where I had painted a blue background, and lit them with my broad 6-foot bank light. I aimed them to flow from left to right to enhance that “yearning” effect. I wanted a broad window lighting effect, as that’s what I had observed in my house.

In the Melon image I had been observing the light from the sun as it just crept in that same glass expanse and skimmed across the floor. And I was doing a series of simple food items on plates on backgrounds I had painted. Plums on Copper Plate is also in that series. In this case it was a monochromatic palette, and the strong light was needed to give it some contrast and visual interest.

Over the decades my style has evolved. I began experimenting by imitating the style of others. First it was the Dutch still life compositions. The Dutch masters used window light for their paintings, and I wanted to explore that style. It is exemplified in my image Still Life with Broken Glass.

I admired the purity of the lighting style of Irving Penn, and his work had a strong influence, as seen in Single Calla and Zen Tulips.

Later I started using the early-morning strong cross-lighting I had observed on my dining room floor. This is seen in Melon on Blue Plate and Plums on Copper Plate.

Next I combined those elements with luminous lighting elements, as seen in Watching.

How do you determine what lights and modifiers you’ll use? Do you have any favorites? If so, what are they and why?

I’ve always used a limited number of lights. The large bank light duplicates the clear sky or foggy day that is so desirable for outdoor photography. When it’s placed very close to an object, the light actually wraps around the object.

I use a couple of spotlights, one larger and one with a more focused spot. And I use a light painting tool with a very intense beam in some cases.

Most of the time I have a fill card or mirror or even a small light box of some sort to slightly fill the shadows.

Do you have a favorite of the images selected for this book?

My favorite of these images is Watching. Conceptually, to me, it embodies my approach to lighting and composition. I observe, take it all in, then apply it outward to create the final image.

Peachpit Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Peachpit and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Peachpit products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive:

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020