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Organizing Files

Before you have too many files, it's a good idea to figure out where you're going to put them.

To organize your files:

  1. Create a central folder or directory to hold all the material that will be available at your Web site. On the Mac, choose File > New Folder in the Finder (Figure 2.18). In Windows, from the Desktop, choose File > New > Folder (Figure 2.19).

    Figure 18Figure 2.18 On a Mac, choose New Folder, and then give the folder a name. Then create a separate folder for each section of your site.

    Figure 19Figure 2.19 In Windows, from the desktop or the Windows Explorer, choose File > New > Folder.

  2. Give the folder a name and divide it in a way that reflects the organization of your Web site (Figure 2.20).

  3. You may decide to create a separate folder for each section of your site, along with individual subfolders for images and other external files.

    Figure 20Figure 2.20 Give the folder a name. Then divide it into additional folders if needed. You can use the Windows Explorer (as shown here) to display the complete hierarchy of your site.

  4. You can create a top-level images folder for images that are common to all areas of your Web site.


  • Use simple, one-word names without symbols or punctuation for your files and folders. Use all lowercase letters so that your URLs are easier to type and thus your pages are easier to reach. For more details on how to create good file names, consult File Names on page 32.

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