Sizing and Optimizing Photos
Accurately Scale and Crop Your Photos to Fit the Page and Optimize the File Size
- Prepare Your Files
In order to complete this exercise (and others in this chapter) you’ll need to copy the project files to your local computer. From the project CD-ROM, open the HTW Project Files folder and copy the Chapter 3 folder to your local hard drive. This folder contains all of the files needed for this chapter. Open the file Ch3_Independence.pptx and switch to slide 2.
- Add the First Photo
There are many ways to add an image to a slide. Lets examine one of the easiest. Select the Insert tab from the Ribbon. Click the Picture button to insert a photo from a file A. Navigate to the Chapter 3 folder you copied to your hard drive and open up the Photos folder. Select the first image, 01 Hall and click Insert. The photo is added to your slide; however it needs to be rotated and scaled B.
- Adjust Rotation and Size
In order for the photo to display correctly, it must be rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise. Click the Format tab to adjust the image. In the Arrange group, click Rotate and choose Rotate Left 90° to properly orient the photo. Next, click and drag on the sizing handle in the upper right corner to adjust the size of the image.
- Crop the Image
With the image still selected we can further refine it. By cropping, we can remove the crowd from the bottom of the photo. In the Ribbon, click the Format tab. In the Size group, click the Crop button A. Cropping handles appear on each corner and edge. You can drag these to hide part of the photo. Click the bottom edge and drag upward to crop the tourists out of the shot B.
- Position the Image
Move your mouse over the center of the image until the cursor changes into a four-way arrow. Click and drag to reposition the photo on the slide.
- Use an Image Placeholder
Some slide templates (including this one) use placeholders. A placeholder “reserves” a spot for an image or text in a slide design. A placeholder does not show up during a slide show if it’s left empty. However, it is easy to see when laying out the slide. Select slide 3 in the Slides tab of this project. Click the Image Placeholder icon in the middle of the slide A. The Insert Picture window opens up; navigate to the Photos folder you accessed earlier and select 02 Assembly Room. Click Insert to add the photo to the slide. Switch to slide 4 and insert the photo 03 Bell onto the slide B.
- Optimize Your Digital Images
Digital photos are typically larger than you need for a slide. For example, a 7-megapixel digital camera will capture an image that is nearly 3,000 pixels wide. This is approximately three times larger than what you need in a standard 1024 x 768 presentation. That extra file size bloats a presentation, taking more disk space and more time to load. You can avoid image bloat with compression. From the Format tab, click Compress Pictures. Click the Options… button to specify optimization for Print, Screen, or E-mail. Click OK and Apply the optimization when you are ready.